Football – Introduction
If we take the history of football the first thing is the involvement of china. You may feel surprised about that but it’s the fact. According to FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) the Chinese dynasty called HAN Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) were playing the game called ‘cuju’ which has major similarities to the modern football that we see right now. ‘cuju’ which means “Kick ball” was played between two groups of people with main aim to put the ball in the nets. They were not allowed to use hands for moving the ball which is exactly the main rule for our modern football.
Games Phaininda and episkyros were greek games which shows huge resemblance to the football that we know of. These games were played in the early 228AD and the National Archaeological Museum of Athens have a stone carving resembles to football.
Modern football what we see now a days doesn’t have a rich history to talk about. The federation which controls football itself doesn’t have any history. The modern games came in the mid-19th century and it was backed by various football playing nations around the globe at that time. Each country were having their own rules and playing style and the association put their efforts to bring a standardised rules everywhere. This movement lead to the first milestone in development of modern football.
England was the central part of football in the earlier days which dates back to 8th century AD. Cambridge rules put forwarded by Cambridge University at the year 1848 were the first set of rules established which played a major role in developing subsequent codes within the football association. The Cambridge Rules were written by a group of colleges and schools at that time. The group includes Trinity College, Cambridge where the meeting was held, Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Shrewsbury schools. During the 1850s, many schools and universities started promoting the game football and some came up with their own rules and regulations. These activities lead to the formation of Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857 which is considered as the oldest football club which is still playing. Sheffield Football Club then changed into Sheffield FA in 1867.
These early efforts on various parts of England lead to the formation of The FA (The Football Association) in 1863. By combining various clubs played on various parts of England were combined by The FA and they started a football competition which is conceded as the world’s oldest football competition.
The first international football match was held on 1872 between England and Scotland at Glasgow. The laws for any international match at that period was determined and verified by the IFAB (International Football Association Board) which was formed in 1886. The board was formed was formed by a joint meeting conducted by The Football Association (The FA ) along with the, the Football Association of Wales, and the Irish Football Association, Scottish Football Association.
Currently the whole game of football is controlled and conducted by FIFA which was formed in 1904 at Paris. The growing popularity at that time led to the increase in members in the FIFA and countries joining them.
Currently football is played at a mature level to professional level around the globe. Millions of people attend games at the stadiums and billions watch the game on TV and internet. According to the survey conducted by FIFA on 2001, over 240 million people from more than 200 countries regularly play football and it has the highest global television viewers in sports.
Football is played between two teams consisting of 11 players from each side at a time. For the game a rectangular shaped field covered with grass is used. At both the end of the ground there will be a goal post which is the opponent’s target. Main aim of each team is to make the ball reach opponent’s goal post which will be awarded with a point i.e., Goal. Players are allowed to use any body part except hands for moving the ball. In case of ball touching the hand, it’ll be considered as a foul. Only person who can touch the ball is the goal keeper and his ball touching authority is been limited to a given space in front of the goal post. Objective of this game is to score as many goals as possible and make sure that you’ll be ahead of your opponent when the time ends.