There are two awards that are given in the F1 at the end of each season. They are Drivers’ Championship Award and Constructors’ Championship Award.
Drivers’ championship award is given to those drivers who score more points in that season and Constructors’ Championship Award is given to the team which scores more points. You might be thinking both will be one team and its driver but it’s not. As i mentioned earlier each team will be having 2 drivers and vehicles for them at a time on the track. That is if these two drivers’ finishes both first and second then the combined points will be awarded to the team. So make a driver champion the team and driver should try hard and for a team to win the championship both the drivers and the team should try hard.
Car Design, Specifications and basic rules.
Formula one cars are specially designed and engineered for F1 races only. It is a single seated open wheel vehicle. The vehicle is made up of high quality steel and carbon fibre elements for strength, lightweight and durable (Durability only matters to outer body, Using the engine again and again have some regulations).
The F1 vehicle is made up of two main components. The engine and chassis.
Recently FIA has brought many regulations for engines and its specifications. As per the regulations put forwarded by FIA on 2014, the formula one engines should be 1.6 litre V6 turbo engines which instead of using previous 2.4-litre V8 engines. FIA has also put their regulations to the output the engines should produce. The RPM rate is been limited to 15,000 but most of the engines are running way lower than that rate because of the fuel consumption and tyre degrading issues.
Current engines are working on turbocharged engines, which last appeared in 1980’s. These engines has more features which has been added. Their efficiency is improved by new turbo-compounding and many energy recovery options like power to be taken back from the brakes and exhaust gases makes it improved.
Chassis are one of the important part of the Formula one vehicle. They are made up of carbon fibre elements and many compounds which are lightweight and strong. As per the FIA regulations the weight of the vehicle excluding the fuel, tyres and driver must be maximum of 702 kg or 1548 lbs. The dimensions of the formula one car is been limited to 180 cm width and 95 cm height.
Normal automobile gearbox consist of main shaft, lay shaft, dog clutch and the selector mechanism. These same components are used in F1 vehicles too and they are Semi-automatic sequential carbon titanium gearboxes which cannot be found in normal sports vehicles. Current formula one cars consist of 7 to 8 forward gears and one reverse gear with rear wheel drive option.
Steering wheel of formula one is one of the incredible piece of engineering that we can see on the game. The single steering wheel can operate in numerous number of operations relating that vehicle. The amazing controls includes change gears, changing brake pressure, apply rev. limiter, calling the radio, and adjust fuel/air mix and many more. It also have a LED screen which displays data such as RPM, Lap times, speed, gear etc.
Tires plays a major role in determining the winner of the race. A slight damage to the tire can cause problems in the race and because of that the technical crew of each team will check the tires for any such issues many times. Tires also determine how long the vehicle can go before getting into the pit stop for refueling and tire changing. Sometimes the type of road and climate can also make the performance and selection of tires influence the result.
There are 7 compound tires available for the teams to choose from. 5 are dry weather compounds (hard, medium, soft, super-soft and ultra-soft) and 2 are wet compounds (intermediate and full wet)
Formula one cars use disk brakes with rotor and caliper at each wheel. The breaks and the components comes along with it is very strong and they are designed to handle high temperature and friction.